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Blood clots in legs: Dangers and DVT Signs

Does working trigger blood clots? Weighing the advantages and dangers of train is usually a complicated enterprise. You might have heard tales of sturdy, wholesome runners dropping useless of a coronary heart assault or struggling a pulmonary embolism with none warning. Is that this one thing that you must fear about? 

A part of the issue is the false assumption that the inhabitants at biggest threat for blood clots is over 60, overweight, and/or people who smoke. In truth, endurance athletes of all ages in addition to athletes collaborating involved sports activities like hockey or soccer are additionally a major threat group. 

Don’t let concern get in your manner of higher well being. Constructing consciousness of blood clots within the common inhabitants and much more so amongst athletes is the important thing to prevention. Know your threat of growing deep vein thrombosis (DVT), the best way to stop clots from forming, and spot signs early to start out remedy. 

woman running in the city

What’s the distinction between VTE, DVT, and PE?

Blood clotting is a vital course of wherein your blood coagulates, forming a plug to cease bleeding after a reduce or harm. Issues happen when a venous thromboembolism (VTE) – the medical time period for a blood clot –  kinds inside your veins for different causes. This may occur after lengthy durations of sitting, like on a protracted flight, or on account of harm. These clots can then dislodge and transfer to different areas of your physique, obstructing blood circulation to essential organs. 

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a form of blood clot that kinds in a deeper vein – normally within the decrease leg, thigh, or pelvis. DVT normally is brought on by trauma or an infection after an harm or injury to a vein from surgical procedure. 

A pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blood clot that both strikes to your lungs from someplace else in your physique or kinds instantly in your lungs. This may trigger a scarcity of blood circulation that damages lung tissue or lead to low blood oxygen ranges which harms different organs. Relying on the scale and variety of clots, a pulmonary embolism can shortly change into very harmful and even life-threatening. 

Who’s at highest threat of growing a venous thromboembolism?

Anybody can develop a blood clot, however sure circumstances, behaviors, and genetic predisposition can put you at an elevated threat. About 900,000 Individuals are affected by blood clots every year, a lot of these resulting in loss of life.(1)

Along with age, weight problems, and smoking, the very best threat elements embrace surgical procedure which can trigger injury to a vein, being pregnant, harm leading to trauma to blood vessels and immobilization, in addition to a household historical past of blood clots. The extra threat elements you’ve, the upper your probability of growing a clot. 

Does working trigger blood clots?

There isn’t any query that common train all through life improves your well being. Nevertheless, the extreme and prolonged coaching that marathon runners require places higher stress on the system. This thereby will increase the danger of growing blood clots within the legs.

In 1884, German doctor Rudolf Virchow outlined three primary classes of things that contribute to blood clots. Immediately it is named Virchow’s Triad. These elements are grouped right into a.) the effectivity of blood circulation (circulatory stasis), b.) the integrity of blood vessels (vascular injury), and c.) composition of blood itself (hypercoagulability).(2)

blood clotting infographic

Inside these three classes there are particular elements that put long-distance runners at the next threat. These elements embrace however should not restricted to dehydration, irritation, use of estrogen contraceptives throughout coaching or races, and prolonged sitting throughout lengthy flights when touring to races. 

What are the indicators and signs?

The commonest signal of a blood clot within the leg (or arm) is ache that most individuals describe as a cramp. This can be accompanied by swelling or heat within the affected space. The pores and skin is also discolored, showing reddish or bluish. 

Pulmonary embolism signs embrace shortness of breath, sharp, stabbing chest ache, and feeling faint. You may additionally expertise low blood strain, a cough, or fever. 

Concentrate on these signs and don’t ignore them. Though blood clots generally dissolve on their very own, examine along with your physician to see whether or not that you must begin a remedy plan, reminiscent of anticoagulant medicine.

Treating Blood Clots

See your physician. It is important that you just assess the danger the clot poses to your well being. If the clot is harmful, you might be prescribed anticoagulants or thrombolytics to dissolve the clot. It’s also possible to put on compression stockings, elevate the world, and maintain shifting. Make certain to drink loads of water, as dehydration causes your blood to thicken and will increase the danger of clots. 

woman rehydrating

stop blood clots

Whereas we’ve established that working doesn’t trigger blood clots, the circumstances wherein endurance athletes steadily discover themselves do put long-distance runners at a higher threat. 

There are some things you are able to do to forestall the formation of blood clots, it doesn’t matter what your present dangers are. 

5 Prevention Suggestions

  1. Rise up and transfer round usually. Whether or not at work, on a aircraft, or after recovering from an harm or operation, be certain to maneuver your physique as a lot as attainable. In the event you can’t rise up and stroll, flex your heels and calf muscle tissues each 20 minutes. While you’re at work, see should you can squeeze in a 5 minute exercise each hour. Micro exercises additionally do wonders for your psychological well being.
  2. Stretch usually all through the day.
  3. Keep hydrated. This needs to be a precedence on a regular basis, however pay explicit consideration to your water consumption when coaching for a race, touring, and submit exercise
  4. Preserve a wholesome weight.
  5. Quit smoking.


An oz of prevention is value a pound of remedy. Struggle clots earlier than they change into an issue by being conscious of signs. Does working trigger blood clots? No. However if you’re coaching for marathons or different long-distance competitions, being attentive to warning indicators in addition to your individual genetic predisposition to any form of venous thromboembolism might save your life. Blood clots can occur to anybody. Be sensible, and see your physician should you discover suspicious cramp-like ache, discoloration, or dizziness. 

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